Difference Between Line and Line & Staff Organization (with Comparison Chart) - Key Differences
The main difference between line and line & staff organization is the presence of an While line authority relies on command, line and staff authority is based on Comparison Chart; Definition; Key Differences; Conclusion. Staff and line are names given to different types of functions in organizations. A " line function" is For example, human resources, accounting, public relations and the legal department are generally considered to be staff functions. Both terms. 2 Authority – A Relationship between two people where one Person gets another Person to do (or try to do) something 5 The following paragraphs define line authority and staff authority. Readers should note 8 Examples.
It allows its holder to act in certain designated ways and to directly influence the actions of others through orders. Barnard maintains that authority will be accepted only under the following conditions: The individual can understand the order being communicated. The individual believes the order is consistent with the purpose of the organization.N0906K Line and Staff Organisation
The individual sees the order as compatible with his or her personal interests. The individual is mentally and physically able to comply with the order. The fewer of these 4 conditions that are present, the lower the probability that authority will be accepted and obedience be exacted. Barnad offers some guidance on what managers can do to raise the odds that their commands will be accepted and obeyed. The manager uses formal channels of communication and these are familiar to all organization members.
Each organization member has an assigned formal communication channel through which orders are received. The line of communication between manager and subordinate is as direct as possible. The complete chain of command is used to issue orders. The manager possesses adequate communication skills.
The manager uses formal communication lines only for organizational business. A command is authenticated as coming from a manager. Line Authority Staff Authority Functional Authority Each type exists only to enable individuals to carry out the different types of responsibilities with which they have been charged.
The most fundamental authority within an organization, reflects existing superior-subordinate relationships. It consists of the right to make decisions and to give order concerning the production,sales or finance related behaviour of subordinates. In general, line authority pertains to matters directly involving management system production, sales, finance etc.
People directly responsible for these areas within the organization are delegated line authority to assist them in performing their obligatory activities.
Staff authority consists of the right to advise or assist those who possess line authority as well as other staff personnel. The concept of staff includes all elements of the organization that are not classified as line. Advisory staffs have been used by decision makers from emperors and kings to dictators and parliaments over the course of recorded history.
Staff provides managers with varied types of expert help and advice. Staff authority is based primarily on expert power. Staff offer line managers planning advice through research, analysis and options development.
Distinction between Line Authority and Staff Authority
Staff can also assist in policy implementation, monitoring and control in legal and financial matters; and in the design and operation of data processing systems.
As managers expand organizations over time, staff roles are often added to supplement line activities. The presence of these specialists frees lawyers to practice law, their line function.
The role of staff members — to provide advice and service to line members — implies that staff lacks independent formal authority. In reality, staff departments, especially those responsible for audit functions, may have formal authority over line members within the limits of their function.
Line and Staff Relationship in Organization (with Example Diagram)
The right to control activities of other departments as they relate to specific staff responsibilities is known as functional authority. The finance manager of Division A reports through the chain of command to the General manager of Division A, but is also responsible to the vice president for finance at the corporate level. Functional authority is common in organizations. It is necessary in carrying out many organizational activities, both to provide or a degree of uniformly and to allow unhindered application of expertise.
Thus, it is based on both legitimate and expert power.