Mitigation and adaptation to climate change | Sustainability for all
Mitigation of climate change and adaptation to the climate change risks are complementary necessary routes of action that address two different aspects of. The distinction between adaptation and mitigation still confuses many who are not so familiar with all the climate change talk, particularly those. As far as mitigation measures in relation to climate change scenario could be divided into two categories (i) the steps taken in relation real life scenario, like.
Climate Change Mitigation and Adaptation in the Land Use Sector: From Complementarity to Synergy
While mitigation tackles the causes of climate change, adaptation tackles the effects of the phenomenon. The potential to adjust in order to minimize negative impact and maximize any benefits from changes in climate is known as adaptive capacity.
A successful adaptation can reduce vulnerability by building on and strengthening existing coping strategies. In general the more mitigation there is, the less will be the impacts to which we will have to adjust, and the less the risks for which we will have to try and prepare. Conversely, the greater the degree of preparatory adaptation, the less may be the impacts associated with any given degree of climate change. For people today, already feeling the impacts of past inaction in reducing greenhouse gas emissions, adaptation is not altogether passive, rather it is an active adjustment in response to new stimuli.
However, our present age has proactive options mitigationand must also plan to live with the consequences adaptation of global warming. The idea that less mitigation means greater climatic change, and consequently requiring more adaptation is the basis for the urgency surrounding reductions in greenhouse gases.
Climate mitigation and adaptation should not be seen as alternatives to each other, as they are not discrete activities but rather a combined set of actions in an overall strategy to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. Mitigation Strategies Climate change involves complex interactions between climatic, environmental, economic, political, institutional, social, and technological processes.
It cannot be addressed or comprehended in isolation of broader societal goals such as equity or sustainable developmentor other existing or probable future sources of stress.
Please consider splitting content into sub-articles, condensing it, or adding or removing subheadings. August See also: The other tradeoff is with climate change impacts. In practice, however, the actual tradeoffs are debatable. Economistsusing cost-benefit analysishave attempted to calculate an "optimal" balance of the costs and benefits between climate change impacts, adaptation, and mitigation. Also, deciding what "optimal" is depends on value judgements made by the economist doing the study Azar, Another type of analysis is based on a risk -based approach to the problem.
It has been argued that adaptation could play an important role in climate policybut not in an explicit trade-off against mitigation. This estimate has been critiqued by some scientists who argues that the UNFCCC estimate underestimates the cost of adaptation to climate change by a factor of 2 or 3. The main point being that there is a conflict between the OECD states budget deficit cuts, the need to help developing countries adapt to develop sustainably and the need to ensure that funding does not come from cutting aid to other important Millennium Development Goals.
International aid mechanisms[ edit ] As of [update]the aggregate of current climate change adaptation programs will not raise enough money to fund adaptation to climate change. This fund was established in The actual amount raised will depend on the carbon price.
There are several other climate change adaptation finance proposals, most of which employ official development assistance or ODA. It has even been argued that international development through the sustainable development goals, is essential for a long-term solution to climate change .
On the other hand, climate change threatens to exacerbate or stall progress on fixing some of these pre-existing problems. Advocates have thus proposed integrating climate change adaptation into poverty reduction programs.
Mitigation: Co-Benefits and Interlinkages to Adaptation
August Principles for effective policy[ edit ] Adaptive policy can occur at the global, national, or local scale, with outcomes dependent on the political will in that area. The effects of climate change vary by region.
The effects of climate change may vary across demographic groups. Climate change poses both risks and opportunities. Such considerations call into question whether we can indeed define our true adaptive capacity to climate change in a way that is divorced from the larger impacts on our environment. Nonetheless, let us for the moment consider adaptation and mitigation as two alternative but potentially complementary and certainly not mutually exclusive strategies for dealing with climate change.
The place of adaptation in response to climate change Credit: IPCC The choice between adaptation and mitigation is in fact, in many ways, a false choice — we will most likely have to do both. Aside from the possibility of controversial geoengineering measures which we will discuss in our next lessonwe cannot mitigate that change. So, we must adapt to at least that amount of climate change.
A useful way to look at the level of vulnerability to climate change is considering scenarios that involve no response measures at all i. Climate Change Vulnerability in